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Chemistry Unit

Page history last edited by melamcco@fc.amdsb.ca 4 years, 3 months ago

PART 1  LAB SAFETY

Topic
Student Activities
Success Criteria;  Students will be able to

Lab Safety Guidelines

 

 

 

1.  Lab safety contract  lab safety contract.rtf

 

2. Read Appendix 1.  Safe Science p. 598-600

 

3.Lab Safety Guideline Visuals:  http://www.chem.unl.edu/safety/hslabcon.html

-act responsibly in the lab
-describe safety precautions taken in the lab

 

Bunsen Burner

 

 

1. Bunsen Burner Safety

 

 

-understand the function of a Bunsen burner and demonstrate it’s proper use

-describe the affect of opening and closing the air collar on the flame.  Identify how the colour, shape and heat of the flame changes.

-describe the reactants and products associated with the combustion of natural gas

 

Lab Equipment

 

 

2. Refer to p 608 -name common lab equipment
-demonstrate the proper use and care of equipment

WHMIS

 

 

Read p 601. Define each of the WHMIS symbols in Figure 2


Notes:WHMIS notes.pdf

Students will use MSDS sheets to determine if mercury should be used in schools.

 

Students will use MSDS sheets to compare methanol and ethanol and the precautions that should be taken when handling them.

-identify the safety symbols.
--identify & describe the chemical properties of substances
-relate the use of WHIMS symbols to the chemical properties of substances.
-describe the role of WHMIS in society
- use MSDS sheets to identify characteristics of substances and the risks associated with them

 

Assessment:  Students will design and create a lab safety poster for one of the lab safety principles

 

PART 2. Introduction to Matter.
Big Ideas:
Elements and Compounds have specific physical and chemical properties that determine their practical uses
The use of elements and compounds have both positive and negative effects on society and the environment.

  Student Activities
Success Criteria:  Students should be able to

Introduction to  the properties of Matter

 

 

Physical and Chemical Properties.pdf   Note

 

Read 5.1 p 175-178 Q 1-10 p 178

Read 5.2 p 179-182 Q 1-5 p 182

Read 5.3 p 183-186 Q 1-7 p 186

 

 

 

Students will review terminology including: matter, element, atom, compound, molecule, homogeneous mixture, heterogeneous mixture, solution, mechanical mixture

Students will use the particle theory of matter to model matter

 

Investigation:   What's up with matter?  Lava Lamp

 Work on making qualitative and quantitative observations and analysis skills

 
Classification of Matter

Other resources for review:

Use the following web link
http://faculty.ncc.edu/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=8X6ZXvX9zF8%3D&tabid=1812

Watch the following tutorial
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OpWFUqPPtWE

-use the Kinetic molecular theory of matter to describe states and forms of matter and the form of matter
-identify the differences between; elements, compounds, mixtures homogeneous/solutions and heterogeneous/mechanical mixtures

 

Review physical and chemical properties and changes

 

Investigation:  Slime

-Students will determine the physical and chemical changes that occur in the steps of the investigation

 
Physical and chemical

Other resources for review

 

1)  Watch the following tutorial on the physical and chemical properties of matter
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C4pQQQNwy30
or
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X328AWaJXvI
or

http://chemwiki.ucdavis.edu/Analytical_Chemistry/Chemical_Reactions/Properties_of_Matter

 

2. Create a definition list of the following terms.  physical properties, chemical properties, physical and chemical change, qualitative, quantitative   Provide multiple examples for each.  Provide definitions for terms such as solubility, flammable, density etc..... as needed.

Complete this using one of the following: 

-identify & describe the physical properties of substances
-distinguish between physical and chemical properties
-distinguish between physical and chemical change
-use the particle theory of matter to distinguish between physical and chemical change

 

Physical Properties & Physical Changes of Matter

 

Smarter Science Activity. "Let it Snow"

 

Students will develop a testable question and hypothesis, make observations and answer their question.

-identify independent and dependant variable
-use the particle theory to describe the physical changes being observed
-develop a testable question
-develop a 3 part hypothesis

 

PART 3  Atoms, Elements, Molecules and Compounds and The Periodic Table

Introduction
Fun with Elements: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SmwlzwGMMwc&NR=1
The element song: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFIvXVMbII0
The New element song:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zUDDiWtFtEM

 

  Student Activities
Success Criteria:  Students Should be able to

Introduction to Elements and the Periodic Table 

 

Activity:  Elements From the Planet Titan

 

 

 

HW Read 6.1 p 211-214  Q 1-215

-describe how the periodic table was designed
-utilize graphing skills
-analyze trends on the periodic table including mass, density and melting point
-describe who Mendleev is and what he did

Preparation for class

 

 

Activity: Investigating Metals, non metals and elements on the periodic table

 

 

 

Additional Resources

Watch the following video introducing the periodic table
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tb6Zrl2REIY
or
Tour of the Periodic Table:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fLSfgNxoVGk

 

 

-define and use the following terms;  period, group, element. chemical symbol, family,
 metal, nonmetal, metalloid

 

-be familiar with chemical symbols for elements
-use group and period numbers to find elements
-describe the differences between metals, nonmetals and metalloids
-identify the pattern related to atomic size on the periodic table

Wed Nov 26  Review

 

Thursday Nov 27  Test

Word Wall:  Definition List

Work Sheet completed in class

Q 1,2,4-11, 13,14,21,25 p 204-205

 

Density of Elements

 

Investigation:  Measuring the Density of elements on the Periodic Table

 

Home work
Read Text Reference 5.6 p 192-193  
Do Questions  3-10, 12 p 198

 

More resources

Watch the following tutorials on Density.
What is the significance of the Gold Crown?  How was density used to solve the king's problem?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMNwXUCXLdk
Solving Density problems
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7tVebi3TSsg

Read Using the GRASS method p625

-measure mass and volume in the lab setting
-calculate density
-begin developing the skills of unit analysis when solving density problems
-use the GRASS method for problem solving involving density

-use the displacement method for measuring volume
-evaluate percent accuracy and evaluate sources of experimental errors

Introduction to the significance of the physical and chemical properties of substances

 

Identify the physical and chemical properties of plastics

 

Relate the environmental impacts of plastics based on their physical and chemical properties

 

Great Pacific Garbage Dump 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTurihxSTnI&feature=related]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTurihxSTnI&feature=related

 [ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XxNqzAHGXvs&feature=related]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XxNqzAHGXvs&feature=related

 

 
 

 Element Research Assignment 2014.pdf

 

Assignment Due:  Friday Dec 5  Share with melamcco@ed.amdsb.ca

 

 -students should be able to relate the properties of the element to the uses, environmental significance or health issues related to the substance.
 
1) Read  From Charcoal to Diamonds p 241-244  Do Q 1-6 p 244
2) Read Stronger than a speeding bullet p 245 and answer the following question.   What are the uses of Kevlar and how do they relate to their properties?
3) Read DDT is forever p 276-277 and answer the following question.  What are the enviromental effects of DDT and how do they relate to their properties?
4) Read Breaking molecules apart.  p 272  Q 1-5

 
-students should be able to relate the properties of the element to the uses, environmental significance or health issues related to the substance.

Atoms

 

 

Tutorial:  Bohr-Rutherford models of the atom

Text Reference  Read 6.7 p 234-239
Q 1-10 p 240

 

Extra Resources

Watch the following video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3nge3LrK1S0

 

-draw Bohr Rutherford Diagrams of the Atom for any of the 1st 20 elements
-use mass numbers and atomic numbers to identify number of protons, electrons and neutrons
-identify patterns on the periodic table related to atomic structure

Families on periodic table

Trends on the periodic table

 

 

 

1. Patterns in the Periodic Table
Read 6.4 p 220-224 Q 1-11 p 225

Demo Activity:  Reactivity of Alkali and Alkali Earth Metals
-chemical families including noble/inert gases, halogens, transition metals, alkali and alkali earth metals
- identify patterns and trends on the periodic table including reactivity
 

Review:  Watch Video: Atoms and their Electrons

http://tune.pk/video/3428672/atoms-and-their-electrons

 
Atoms, Ions and Ionic Compounds
Tutorial:  Lewis Diagrams for atoms and Ionic Compounds

-use terms such as valence electrons, ion, cation, anion
-draw Lewis Dot Diagrams for any of first 20 elements
-determine the ion formed by any of the first 20 elements
- use the octet rule to determine how atoms interact to form compounds

Molecules and Molecular Compounds
Tutorial:  Lewis Diagrams for atoms, molecules and molecular compounds
Read Putting Atoms Together 7.1 p 257-261
Do Q 1-10 p 261

    -draw Lewis Dot Diagrams for any molecule or molecular compound
- use the octet rule to determine how atoms interact to form molecules
- use terms such as molecular, ionic, diatomic     

  Activity:  Characteristics of Molecular and Ionic Compounds  
 

Chem Review.pdf

 

 

 


For Interest
Types of Plasticshttp://eartheasy.com/blog/2012/05/plastics-by-the-numbers/
Seas of Plastic http://www.ted.com/talks/capt_charles_moore_on_the_seas_of_plastic.html

CBC.  2010. Forever Plastic.  Doc Zone. Retrieved from;  http://www.cbc.ca/player/Shows/Shows/Doc+Zone/2008-09/ID/1233752003/


 

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