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Biology Unit Part 1

Page history last edited by melamcco@fc.amdsb.ca 1 year, 1 month ago

 

Success Criteria = What you need to know and be able to do:  Within each of the unit outlines you will see this heading for each of the lessons.  Please use this as a checklist for all the knowledge and skills you will be required to gain during this unit.

 

 

 

LESSON  1:  Introduction to the scientific method 

 

Success Criteria:   Students should be able to.....

 

1-identify and apply the steps associated with scientific method

2- define the independent variable, dependent variable, control variables, constraints, experimental groups

3-write a hypothesis using the "If....then....because....." structure.

 

 

Note:  Introduction to Scientific Inquiry in Biology -2.pdf

 

Introduction to the Tomatosphere project  https://www.space.com/36541-tomatosphere.html

http://tomatosphere.letstalkscience.ca/Investigation.aspx

 

 

Plants grown in space. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9MfWARdoF-o

 

 

Lesson 2:   The principle of sustainability: 

 

Success Criteria:   Students should be able to.....

 

1-identify the 3 factors that must be considered when determining if something is sustainable

2-use terms such as dynamic equilibrium 

3- demonstrate graphing skills and some measuring skills

 

 

Notes: sustainability 2014.pdf

Video:  Sustainability:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B5NiTN0chj0

Lab modelling sustainability 

 

 

Lesson 3:  What is the Carbon Cycle? 

 

Success Criteria:   Students should be able to.....

 

1- Define and apply the following terminology:  nutrient cycle, dynamic equilibrium, photosynthesis, respiration, decomposition

2- Write and interpret the equations for photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

2- Describe how plants contribute the carbon cycle

3- Describe how the carbon cycle relates to the food chain

4- Describe how animals, decomposition and fires contribute to the carbon cycle.

5.  Describe the issue associated with the biosphere project

 

 

Part 1: Science being the Carbon Cycle 

 

Notes: carbon cycle.pdf

 

Text References:

Chapter Title

Page References

Homework

2.3 The Carbon Cycle

p 43, 49-50

Q 2-7 p 51

 

Additional Resources

Read:  http://www.ck12.org/biology/Carbon-Cycle/lesson/Carbon-Cycle/

Watch Carbon Cycle:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2D7hZpIYlCA

Carbon Cycle Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zrD3tMNPjXU

Mankind's Influence on the Carbon Cycle  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oe2kPpmhLuc

 

Part 2: Investigating factors that affect plant growth  Mon Sept 10-Tues Sept 11

 

Photosynthesis Lab

Log into https://www.explorelearning.com

Class enrolment code:  HMVFEEBBGA

 

Analysis Questions:  Photosynthesis Lab.pdf

 

Part 3: Sustainability and the Carbon Cycle  Wed Sept 12

 

Case Study:  Life in Biosphere II

http://www.ted.com/talks/jane_poynter_life_in_biosphere_2

 

What is a biosphere?

Why could it be considered a closed system?

How was the biosphere II similar to the real biosphere?

What problems did they have with oxygen and carbon dioxide in the biosphere?

Why did they conduct the experiment?

What was learned from the project?

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

Lesson 4:  Nitrogen Cycle

 

Success Criteria:   Students should be able to.....

 

1- Describe the various forms of nitrogen in the ecosystem including nitrogen gas, ammonia and nitrate

2- Describe why nitrogen is important to ecosystems

3- Describe how nitrogen fixation, nitrification and denitrification contribute to the nitrogen cycle

4- Describe how nitrogen runoff from fertilizing lawns or agricultural crops affects aquatic ecosystems through the process of eutrophication.

 

 

 

 

Part 1:  Science of the nitrogen cycle  

 

Class Notes: The Nitrogen Cycle Symplified.pdf 

 

Homework:  Review the nitrogen cycle by using the following resources

Online Reference for reading: http://www.ck12.org/biology/Nitrogen-Cycle/lesson/Nitrogen-Cycle/

Nitrogen Cycle Video:   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leHy-Y_8nRs

 

 

Text Reference 

Chapter Title

Page References

Homework

2.4 The nitrogen cycle

p 50, p 123-126

Q 2, 5c, 9,10 p 51

Q 1-4, 8 p 128

 

 

Part 2:  Sustainability in the nitrogen cycle  Fri Sept 14

 

Watch

Canadian Geographic. 2018. How do we study Eutrophication.  Retrieved from; https://www.canadiangeographic.ca/article/when-lake-better-lab

 

Video only link:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=135&v=pAOihTRys74

 

 

Assignment: Effects of Nitrates on Aquatic Ecosystems.pdf   

 

 

 

Review for the Test

 

1.  Review the success criteria for each lesson 

 

2.  Construct a definition list of new terminology and why it is significant.

 nutrient cycle                  photosynthesis          cellular respiration    independent variable

denitrification                  nitrification               nitrogen fixation         dependent variable

eutrophication                   zooplankton           phytoplankton             nitrate

carbon dioxide                  ammonia                  carbon cycle               nitrogen cycle         

decomposition                    combustion            runoff                      

 

*make sure you can write a word equation for photosynthesis and cellular respiration

 

Use this student made matching question to help you review the above terms  Biology Test 1 Review.pdf

 

3.  Long Answer Questions

A)  Why do we need to manage fertilizers, manure and sewage really well?  What effects do they have on ecosystems?

B)  Is it possible to make a new biosphere?  What were some of the successes and challenges of the Biosphere II project?

  C)  How is the nitrogen cycle and the carbon cycle related in the process of Eutrophication?

D) Make sure you understand the aspects of scientific investigation including independent variable, dependent variable, controlled variables, hypothesis using the If...then.... because...... structure.

E) What are the 3 things to consider to determine if something is sustainable.

F)  Describe and apply the scientific method 

 

3. Quizlet for practice

 

Carbon Cycle  https://quizlet.com/7767348/the-carbon-cycle-flash-cards/

Nitrogen Cycle  https://quizlet.com/61867017/nitrogen-cycle-flash-cards/

 

4. Watch some of the videos above to review concepts.

 

 

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